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KS2 Geography

Pupils should be taught about:

Locational knowledge

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities
  • Year 6, Spring Term, A European Study – France.

 Locate countries of the world, then focus in on Europe and France.

  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time
  • Year 5, Summer Term, Rivers, mountains, earthquakes and volcanoes.

The mountains, rivers and National Parks of the UK

  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)
  • Year 3, Summer term, All around the world.

Place knowledge

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America
  • Year 4, Spring Term, The UK and Amazon.

 

Human and physical geography

  • Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography, including:
    • climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle
  • Year 5, Summer Term, Rivers, mountains, earthquakes and volcanoes.
  • Year 3, Summer Term, Investigating India

 

  • Describe and understand key aspects of human geography, including:
    • types of settlement and land   use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water
  • Year 3, Summer Term, Investigating India
  • Year 6, Spring Term, A European Study – France.

Geography skills and fieldwork 

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied
  • Used by all KS2 throughout their learning in Geography
  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world
  • Used by all KS2 throughout their learning in Geography
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.
  • Year 5, Summer Term, Rivers, mountains, earthquakes and volcanoes.

 

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