Stainton C of E Primary School
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KS2 History




Pupils should be taught about:

National Curriculum 2014

Integration into Stainton School Long Term plan

changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

Examples (non-statutory)

  • late Neolithic hunter-gatherers and early farmers, for example, Skara Brae
  • Bronze Age religion, technology and travel, for example, Stonehenge
  • Iron Age hill forts: tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture
  • Year 5 and 6, Autumn Term, Year B

the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain 

Examples (non-statutory)

This could include:

  • Julius Caesar’s attempted invasion in 55-54 BC
  • the Roman Empire by AD 42 and the power of its army
  • successful invasion by Claudius and conquest, including Hadrian’s Wall
  • British resistance, for example, Boudica
  • ‘Romanisation’ of Britain: sites such as Caerwent and the impact of technology, culture and beliefs, including early Christianity
  • Year 3 and 4, Spring Term, Year A

Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots

Examples (non-statutory)

  • Roman withdrawal from Britain in c. AD 410 and the fall of the western Roman Empire
  • Scots invasions from Ireland to north Britain (now Scotland)
  • Anglo-Saxon invasions, settlements and kingdoms: place names and village life
  • Anglo-Saxon art and culture
  • Christian conversion – Canterbury, Iona and Lindisfarne
  • Year 5 and 6, Autumn Term, Year A

The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

Examples (non-statutory)

  • Viking raids and invasion
  • resistance by Alfred the Great and Athelstan, first king of England
  • further Viking invasions and Danegeld
  • Anglo-Saxon laws and justice
  • Edward the Confessor and his death in 1066
  • Year 3 and 4, Autumn Term, Year A

A local history study

Examples (non-statutory)

  • a depth study linked to one of the British areas of study listed above
  • a study over time tracing how several aspects of national history are reflected in the locality (this can go beyond 1066)
  • a study of an aspect of history or a site dating from a period beyond 1066 that is significant in the locality.
  • Year 3 and 4, Spring Term, Year A, Romans: Hadrian’s Wall, Carlisle, Vindolanda.


  • Year 5 and 6, Autumn Term, Year B, Stone age to Iron Age: Local archaeology, stone circles in Cumbria.

A study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066

Examples (non-statutory) 

  • the changing power of monarchs using case studies such as John, Anne and Victoria
  • changes in an aspect of social history, such as crime and punishment from the Anglo-Saxons to the present or leisure and entertainment in the 20th Century
  • the legacy of Greek or Roman culture (art, architecture or literature) on later periods in British history, including the present day
  • a significant turning point in British history, for example, the first railways or the Battle of Britain
  • Year 3 and 4, Autumn Term, Year B, The Victorians
  • Year 5 and 6, WW1 and 2, Summer Term, Year A


The achievements of the earliest civilizations ─

  • an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following: Ancient Sumer; The Indus Valley; Ancient Egypt; The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China.
  • Year 3 and 4, Spring Term, Year B, Ancient Egypt


A non-European society that provides contrasts with British history ─

  • one study chosen from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300.
  • Year 3 and 4, Spring Term, Year B, Ancient Egypt

Ancient Greece ─

  • a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world
  • Year 5 and 6, Spring Term, Year B